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About Bulgaria

Герб на Република БългарияThe territory of Bulgaria is 110 990 sq km. The country is situated on The Balkan peninsula. It border on:


609 km


341 km


165 km


493 km


259 km

Black sea

378 km

State system - Parliamentary Republic

Head of state - President, who is selected by directly voting. The president's mandate is 5 years

Legislative authority - National Assembly (Unicameral Parliament), which depends 240 deputies with 4-years mandate

Executive authority - Council of Ministers, which is selected by National Assembly with a nomination to Prime Minister whom is assigned to compose a government by the President

Administrative division - 28 Regions

Capital - Sofia (1 170 000)

Largest city's - Plovdiv (340 000), Varna (320 000), Burgas (210 000), Ruse (180 000), Stara Zagora (170 000), Pleven (150 000), Sliven (135 000), Dobrich (100 000)

The population - 7 930 000 people, and the density of population is 74.3 people of sq km. An average life expectancy for men - 68years, and for women - 75 years. Abroad live more than 2 000 000 Bulgarians, mainly in Ukrain, Moldavia, Rusha, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Greece, Macedonia, USA, Canada and so on.

The formal language is Bulgarian.









Christians - 87 %

Mussulmans - 12,7 %


96,8 %


92,9 %


0,6 %


7,1 %


0,1 %




0,2 %




0,3 %



A monetary unit - lev = 100 stotinki

Relief: The Danube Plain is found in northern Bulgaria. It's eastern of the Ludogorie and the Dobrouja table-land. Stara Planina Mountain (The Balkan) lays across the country - from the west border to the seacoast. The highest peak is Botev (2 376 m). Sredna gora Mountain is found southern and it’s shorter than Stara planina Mountain. Between Stara planina Mountain and Sredna gora mountain is The valley of roses: Karlovo and Kazanlak's hollow. The central parts of southern Bulgaria are occupied by the Upthracian lowland. Southern and south-western are: the highest mountain at the Balkans -Rila and the highest peak Musala (2 925 m); Pirin with peak Vihren (2 914 m); Rodopi with peak Golyam Perelik (2 191 m); Vitosha with peak Cherni Vryh (2 290 m); Belasica with peak Radomir (2 029 m);Osogovo with peak Ruen (2 251 m) and so on. The Black Sea’s coast is found low with wide stripe sands

Big rivers: Danube (470 кm, border in Romania), Ogosta, Iskar, Vit, Osam, Yantra (feeders in Danube); Kamchiya (feeders in the Black sea), Marica, Mesta, Struma (feeders in Aegean sea)

Climate: Temperate continental. In the southern parts - transition Mediterranean. The middle temperatures for January are from -2 to 2oC in plains to -10oC in mountains. For July are 19-25oC in plains and about 10oC in high parts. An average annual rainfall: 450-600 mm in paints, to 1300 mm in the mountains.

Vegetable life: 30 % of country’s territory is covered by broad - leaved and coniferous woods. More than 1 700 m above sea-level: Mountain meadows and pasture

Economy: Industrial-agrarian country. The econimics is in transitional period of time to market economy. There are limited reserve of ores and minerals: iron, copper, uranium ores, coals, marble and so on. Leading industrial branch: ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, machine-building, chemical, oil processing, cement, woodworking, textile, shoe industry, wine production, tobacco canning industry and so on.

Agricultural: workable lands cover about 50% of country’s territory. Main crops: wheat, corn, sunflower, tobacco, sugar beet, vines, fruits and vegetables and so on. There are customs in cultivation of oil-bearing rose (rose olive) lavender, peppermint etc. Stock-farming: make a speciality of the cultivation of cattle, pigs, sheep, poultry.

Transport: 37 300 km szos, railway line - 6 500 (65% electrification). Black sea’s harbours-Varna and Burgas. Danube river’s horbours: Ruse, Lom, Vidin, Silistra and so on. International airports - Sofia, Varna, Burgas, Plovdiv.


курорт Албена, България BLACK SEA

Black sea is between Europe and Asia and its area is 465 000 sq km, its depth is 2 210 m. Typical inside sea with 4090 km sea coast.

Bosphor separate it with The Aegean sea, Karchenski strait with The Sea of Azov. The Black sea’s salt content is low. The rising tide and the outgoing tide are insignificant. In the bathyal aquatic layer there is no oxygen. There is sulphuretted hydrogen which is not in every other sea. Black sea is with soft winter and cool summer.

The Bulgarian seacoast is 380 km with wonderful beaches, the water is calm and pure, health climate, fine golden sands and sand dunes, mineral springs, resorts, bearers of Blue flag, vacation settlements and camping-sites. The middle summer air temperature is about 28oC, and the water’s: 25oC.

Two international airports – Varna and Burgas bind it with the other part of the world.

Northern Black sea is clean and calm with not big slope with wide beaches with fine golden sands, woods and a lot of mineral springs. The contemporary resorts are Rusalka, Albena, Golden sands, Riviera, St Konstantin, Sunny day

Landmarks are The castle and the botanical garden in Balchik, cape Kaliakra, Varna’s museums.

The southern Black sea contends picturesque bays and whimsical rocks, spacious beaches and sand dunes. Incredible nature - the magic of Dune, Eleni, Sunny coast, Nesebur, Ravda, Sozopol, Ahtopol, Carevo, Kiten, Primorsko. Northern the coast border on Stara planina Mountain, southern - with eminence of Stranja.



Stara planina mountain (The Balkan) is the biggest Bulgarian one. It’s long 550 km and it passes the country from the border with Serbian to Black sea. On north it borders with Danube's plane, on south with Sofia’s valley, Sredna gora mountain and Gornotrakiska plane. The highest peak is Botev with 2376 m. The middle temperature around the peak is -8,9oC in January and 7,9oC in July.

Stara planina mountain is the main watershed in Bulgaria. The most rainy are May and July and the less rainy is February. The mountain divides into three parts.

The Western Stara planina is 215 km. by the Zlatitsa's passage. Here, the highest peak is Kom (2016 m.). There are a lot of possibilities of alpinism in the Naturally Park Vrachanski Balkan. There are a lot of beautiful and huge caves. Here is found the picturesque Iskur's gorge.

The Middle Stara planina is between the Zlatitsa's passage and the passage Vratnik. This is the highest and attractive part. Except the leader peak Botev here are peak Vejen (2198 m.), Big Kupen (2169 m.), Ambarica (2166 m.), Small Kupen (2141 m.). There are a lot of sanctuary and naturally parks: The valley of river Osum, the passage Steneto, the Northern and the Southern Djendem, the waterfall Heavenly splash, the Singing rocks, Old river, the waterfall Karlovsko splash. In the Shipchenski passage and the Memorial Shipka. In this part of the mountain are the National park Central Balkan, Monastery's of Troyan, Kapinovski, Drianovo, Mandarski.

The Eastern Stara planina is from the passage Vratnik to the Black sea coast. Here the mountain is short, hilly and easily passable. The most visited is the Naturally park The Blue rocks and the of the Bulgarian national revival towns.



Northwest Bulgaria includes the regions Vidin and Montana. Vidin is administrative center and port of Danube river. From the rich history of the city are the fortress "Baba Vida" (Grandmother Vida), the Palace and the mosque of Osman Pazvantogly. In the near village Archar are the ruins of the roman town Raciarya.

Pleven is the central part of the Danube plain near Vyt river. The town exist from tracian times under the name “Storgosya”, under the slav times was called ”Kamenec”. From 1266 years the name Pleven. It becomes world known with the blockade at the time of Russian – Turkish war 1877/78 - "The Liberation War".

Svishtov is a town with architecture from XVII – XIX century, univercity center. The sightseeings are the ancient town “Nove”, the church “Uspenie Bogorodichno”, the park “The Monuments”.

In Lovetch impress the architecture reserve “Varosha”, the covered bridge over the Osam river – the only one on the Bolkans, the monument and museum of Vasil Levski.

Veliko Tarnovo – the old capital of Bulgaria – is a town with huge historical past, many monuments and sightseeings. Not far from the city is Arbanasi – architectural reserve included in the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage.

Ruse is the biggest bulgarian town on the Danube river. It is known as the “Small Viena”, because of its beautiful architecture. Near is the Natural park “Rusenski Lom” and the rock monasteries, which are under UNESCO protection. In the near town Byala is the famous bridge of Master Kolyo Ficheto over Yantra river.

Razgrad is on the river Beli Lom. Here is the architectural reserve “Abritus”, the mosque “Ibrahim pasha”. There are a lot of values in the historical museum. 40 km is the famous tracian tomb near Sveshtari, included in the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage.

Shumen and the region around him is very rich of historical monuments from the First Bulgarian Country – The fortress of Shumen, the old capitals Pliska and Veliki Preslav, “Madara riderman”, which are under UNESCO protection, etc.

Silistra is the last bulgarian town on the Danube river. Here is the medieval fortress Durostrum. 12 km from the city is the reserve “Srebarna” – under the protection of Junesko, included in the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage.


Рилският манастир, Рила, БългарияRILA

Rila is the highest mountain in the Balkans peminsula with the flower Musala (2925 m) and takes 6th in Europe. The climate is inter-continent. The largest bulgarian river is Iskar, Marica and Mesta. In the eastern part is the first of the mountain peak's Musala. Lakes and the resort Borovetc in the this region.

The smallest part in a Central Rila with an alpine character, rich of glacial lake is the biggest of the Balkan peninsula: Smradlivo ezero (Stench lake). In North-west Rila is the device of the bulgarian alpinism - Malyovica (2730 m) And the lakes, that are most great to the Balkans, Seven Rila’s lakes.

Най - малка с алпийски релеф дял е Централна Рила, богата на ледникови езера, най - голямото на Балканския полуостров e Смрадливото. В Северозападна Рила е символът на българския алпинизъм връх Мальовица (2730м.) и Седемте Рилски езера.

In South-west Rila is the oldest bulgarian biosphere reserve Parangalica. The greatest memoprial of the Bulgarian culture is here - Rila monastery.

Пирин планина, БългарияPIRIN

Pirin is a cell from the eden. It had picturesquely settled in south-west Bulgaria, harmonizes with fantastically beautiful flowers and fat valleys, age-old history and cultural inheritance, myths and legends. It offers amazing Pirin to the winter sport - excellently maintained strips and skiing fan-facilities. The national park “Pirin” has an echo-roads and tourists route. The wonderful and comfortable hotels in the Bansko, Dobrinishte and Razlog carry the romantic of the Renaissance and they save the secret of the traditional Bulgarian trades and customs.

Pirin ai the second high mountain in Bularia after Rila and the third in the Balkan peninsula. The highest top in Pirin is Vihren (2914 m). The climate is typically mountain with Mediterranean influence in the valley of the rivers Struma and Mesta. Sixteen peak's have over 2500 m. high. There are round 150 lakes in northern Pirin. A lot of rivers begin from the snowbound tops ans from the blue lakes. The smallest Bulgarian town-museum is situated in the southern foot of the mountain. His name is Melnik.Around him are the Melnik’s sandy pyramids - the natural phenomen where is found the famous Melnik wine. Near to this town is the Monastery of Rojen.

In 1976 year is created the National park “Pirin”. It’s in the list of the UNESKO about world natural heritage. There are the natural reserves Bauvi holls, Djindjirica, Tisata.

Родопите, БългарияRODOPITE

The Rodopi will awaken all your senses - the eyes saturated with colours, folk songs are carried through the air, as well as the silent murmur of the crystal mountain streams, the fresh mountain air is saturated with aroma of herbs and flowers, the soul is a pleasure to the peace of the nature. The born place of the mystical singer Orpheus reveal the unforg beauty of the wild nature. “The Wonder Bridges“, Buinovo and Trigrad gorge's, the caves Dyavolsko gurlo, Yagodina and Snejanka, The Chairski and The Smolyan's lakes. In Shiroka Luka, Stoykite, Gela, Momchilovci you will touch the traditional Bulgarian soul, manner and cultural, your morning will not be met by the noise of cars but by the crowing of roosters.

About the history of this town you can learn by the castle of Asen, Bachkovo monastery, Smolyan and in the first archeology sensation of 21 century - Perperikon, the Dionisius’s temple.

About the lover of the winter sports one of the most beautiful winter resorts in Bulgaria is Pamporovo and the borntown of the famous competitor of biathlon - Katya Dafovska - Chepelare.

The Rodopi are rich of medical mineral springs. Here are the famous resorts Narechen and Devin.

The people who like fishing make him happy the rich draught of the springs Shiroka polyana and Anton-Ivanovci.



Sredna gora'region is qualified with the handiness on numerous healing mineral springs. There are fantastic balneology resorts, more famous of them are Hisar (Hisarya), Banya, Strelcha, Pavel banya (Pavel's Bath), Starozagorski mineralni bani (Stara Zagora's Baths) and so on.

The multitude of historic places are in the region wealth only and settlements, had connected to the battle on liberation – Koprivshtitsa, Klisura, Panagyurishte, Oborishte, Strelcha and so on. There are interesting sightseer itineraries until the highest peak of the mountain - Bogdan (1604 m.) and so on.

Special sake consisted in the Thracian vaults in the region. In the last several years stunning discoveries that revolutionized the cognitions of the historians for antic were made here.

In the region are founded the springs Topolnica, Dushanci, Pyasacnik, Koprinka and Jrebchevo.


Tne Thracia is with a planar relief, densely lived as well with a rich cultural historic inheritance. Plovdiv is the largest city in Thrace. The city has originated Nearly six hills together with Troy and Mikena. It enchants with its narrow streets the architectural complexs in senior Plovdiv, the numerous churches, museums and tectonic memorials.

Pazardjik is interesting with its historic ethnographic museums as well as a prehistoric settlement barrow, known as the flat barrow.

In the Thracia has lot of traces from the Thracian: Karasura (Chirpan), the vaults Mezek and Neutzikon (edge Svilengrad), The settlement mound of Karanovo. 20 mounds cemeteries, leftovers of 11 antic settlements, 6 settlements from the roman period and 8 of the late middle age are around Kostenets well - preserved 36 overtombs grave mounds.

Stara Zagora impressive with its centuries - old history. The all central part of the tawn is announce for architect reserve.

Near Haskovo is the historic village Klokotnica, where is the King Ivan Asen II mound which is in a pride of the win of king Ivan Asen against Theodor Komnin.

In Jambol are the memorials of te culture Eski mosque, the church “St. George” and the town park which is situated in the coast of river Tundja. Near the town is the national archeological reserve “Kabile” - antic Thracian town.

There are many mineral springs and that’s way there are balneo-tourism. Balneology centres are near Haskovo’s mineral baths, the resort Merichleri, Straldja and so on.

София, БългарияSOFIA

The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia with population 1 182 000 people. It is situated in the Sofia’s field and it’s 550 m. above sea level high. The Serbian border (Kalotino) is on 55 km, the Macedonian border (Gyushevo) is 113 km., the Greek border (Kulata) is 183 km., the Turkish border (Capitan Andreevo) is 315 km., the Romanian border (Ruse) is 320 km. Sofia is connected by the international roads and with air lines with every Europe capitals and with the middle East. The motto of the town is “Grows but doesn’t grows old!”.

Витоша, БългарияVITOSHA

Vitosha is the most visited mountain in Bulgaria, and it’s one of the symbols of the capital Sofia. It's highest peak is "Cherni vruh" (The Black peak - 2290 m) and its on the fourth place of height in the country. Unique nature phenomen are the rocky rivers from moraines (round granite rocks). In the higer peaks the winter continue 7 mounths, the summer is only through july and august. The rainest mouth july, thickest snow cover is formed in march. The biggest river which springs from Vitosha is Struma and it enters in Aegean sea. In the mountains haven’t lakes.

It’s square is 278 and it’s devide of forth main parts. In North Vitosha are the "Zlatnite mostove" (The Golden bridges), Knyajevo, Simeonovo. Eastern Vitosha borders with Plana mountain. Here are the peaks Big Rezen (2277), Small Rezen (2191), Big Kupen (1930), the nature reserve “Bistrishko branishte” and the resort and a ski-centre Aleko. The South-western part is the biggest. Here is the longest cave in Bulgaria “Duhlata” and the karst spring The life water. North-western part is to Lyulin montain. In 1934 is created The National park “Vitosha”. The main tourist cebtre are "Aleko" and "Zlatnite mostove" (Golden Bridges).

Рафтинг по река Струма, БългарияTHE STRUMA VALLEY

In the Western outskirts are very beautiful mountains Belasica, Osogovo and Ograjden. Here is Struma river - the biggest one in Western Bulgaria. The river springs from Vitosha, makes wonderful 290 km valley to the Bulgarian border with Greece and flows in Aegean sea. There are 56 reservoirs in the river’s valley. Almost every settlement here is balneology resort: Kyustendil, Nevestino, Sapareva banya, Blagoevgrad, Sandanski, Rudarci, Rupi.

In the northern part of the region is Kyustendil - one of the most ancient Bulgarian towns. Kyustendil and its vicinity are known like “The Bulgarian fruit orchard”. It is famous like balneology resort.

Blagoevgrad is the biggest town in the region. There are several universities and rich history. The town is found in the foot of Pirin mountain. Next is the unusual Kresna’s defile (gorge) and the town Sandanski. Here was born Spartak - the leader of the biggest rising in the Roman empire. The town is known like the best natural public state station of bronchial asthma in Europe.

Southern is the place Rupite. There are a lot of curative thermal springs. According to the famous prophet Vanga, there is a special cosmic energy in this place. There is the volcanic hill Kojuh, the protected place Rupite and the temple of Grandmother Vanga “St. Petka”.



Марина, България Balneology - Country of Health

Bulgaria is an extremely attractive center for treatment, prophylactics, recreation and tourism with its numerous resorts, favourable climate, a 378 km long coastal strip with wonderful beaches, over 500 mineral springs of varying physico-chemical composition, temperature and indisputable curative properties, dozens of lagoon firth mud sources and curative peat deposits.

All scientific studies agree that in the uniqueness, variety and abundance of hydrothermal, bioclimatic, mud treatment, sea cure, and other health resources, Bulgaria ranks among the first in Europe, Climato-balneological treatment traditions in the Bulgarian lands date back to times immemorial.

In Thracian times, flourishing settlements sprang up around the hot mineral springs and many nymphaeums were built. In Roman times, spa centers were established, such as Augusta (present-day Hissarya), Dezudava (Sandanski), Pautalia (Kyustendil) and Serdika (Sofia), where even the Roman emperors Ulpius Trajanus, Septimius Severus, Maximilianus and Justinianus sought treatment for their ailments.

The Bulgarian mineral waters are known for their greatly varied chemical composition and, respectively, their mineralization and type of dissolved mineral salts, curative gases and biologically active micro components. In fact, every kind of known mineral water may be found in the country. The Firth Mud Sources, along the Black Sea coast, the Curative Peat, Spring Curative Mud and Bentonite Clays possess a particularly great potential in the treatment of many different diseases. Bulgaria occupies one of the first places in the world with the exceptional diversity of Medicinal Herbs and the excellent curative properties of its Apian Products.

This enormous wealth of natural factors, combined with country's modern hotels and spa facilities, provide excellent possibilities for the year-round effective treatment of the most widespread diseases of our times and truly make Bulgaria a Country of Health.

The Bulgarian spa resorts have the advantage of being located in vary favourable climatic regions, affording the exceptional possibility of combining balneotherapy with climatic treatment.

The Black Sea coast is a sub region of the continental Mediterranean climatic region. Neither the harsh climatic conditions of the northern European coasts, nor the scorching heat of the Mediterranean are characteristic of it. The specific sea climate, combined with the curative mineral springs and curative mud offer excellent conditions for treatment, recuperation and holidays throughout the year.

The best known Black-Sea spa centers are: Dobroudja Hotel at Albena resort, Ambassador Hotel at Golden Sand resort, Riviera Holiday Club, Sunny Day and Grand Hotel Varna at St. Constantine resort, Pomorie Hotel in the coastal town of Pomorie.

Varied prophylactic and therapeutic possibilities are also offered by the Bulgarian climatic mountain resorts. The lovely scenery, clean air, shortwave ultraviolet radiation, negative air ionization, particularly close to mountain waterfalls, as well as the many mineral springs, different in temperature and composition, are their major assets.

The Bulgarian spa resorts have the advantage of being located in vary favourable climatic regions, affording the exceptional possibility of combining balneotherapy with climatic treatment.


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